U.S. and Canadian cattle

All cattle and calves in the United States and Canada combined totaled 106 million head on Jan. 1, up 2 percent from the 104 million head on Jan. 1, 2016, according to USDA's National Agricultural Statistics Service U.S. and Canadian Cattle and Sheep report. All cows and heifers that have calved, at 45.3 million head, were up 2 percent from a year ago.

USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service released its U.S. and Canadian Cattle and Sheep and U.S. and Canadian Hogs reports today (March 7).

All cattle and calves in the United States and Canada combined totaled 106 million head on Jan. 1, up 2 percent from the 104 million head on Jan. 1, 2016, according to the report. All cows and heifers that have calved, at 45.3 million head, were up 2 percent from a year ago.

All cattle and calves in the United States as of Jan. 1, 2017, totaled 93.6 million head, 2 percent above the 91.9 million head on Jan. 1, 2016. All cows and heifers that have calved, at 40.6 million head, were up 3 percent from a year ago.

All cattle and calves in Canada as of Jan. 1, totaled 12.1 million head, up slightly from the 12.0 million on Jan. 1, 2016. All cows and heifers that have calved, at 4.79 million, were up slightly percent from a year ago.

All sheep and lambs in the United States and Canada combined totaled 6.01 million head on Jan.1, down 2 percent from the 6.13 million on Jan. 1, 2016. Breeding sheep, at 4.48 million head, were down 2 percent from a year ago and market sheep and lambs, at 1.54 million head, were down 1 percent from last year.

All sheep and lambs in the United States as of Jan. 1, totaled 5.20 million head, 2 percent below the 5.30 million head on Jan. 1, 2016. Breeding sheep, at 3.86 million head, were down 2 percent from a year ago, while market sheep and lambs, at 1.35 million head, were down 1 percent from last year.

All sheep and lambs in Canada as of Jan. 1 totaled 815 thousand head, down 1 percent from last year's number of 826 thousand. Breeding sheep, at 620 thousand head, were down 2 percent from last year. Market sheep and lambs, at 194 thousand head, were up 1 percent from a year ago.

U.S. and Canadian hog inventory up 3 Percent

United States and Canadian inventory of all hogs and pigs for December 2016 was 85.2 million head, according to the report. This was up 3 percent from December 2015, and up 5 percent from December 2014. The breeding inventory, at 7.34 million head, was up 1 percent from a year ago and up 2 percent from 2014. Market hog inventory, at 77.9 million head, was up 4 percent from last year and up 6 percent from 2014. The semi-annual pig crop, at 78.7 million head, was up 2 percent from 2015 and up 5 percent from 2014. Sows farrowing during this period totaled 7.34 million head, up 2 percent from last year and up 1 percent from 2014.

U.S. inventory of all hogs and pigs on Dec. 1, 2016 was 71.5 million head. This was up 4 percent from Dec. 1, 2015 and up slightly from Sept. 1, 2016. The breeding inventory, at 6.09 million head, was up 1 percent from last year, and up 1 percent from the previous quarter. Market hog inventory, at 65.4 million head, was up 4 percent from last year, and up slightly from last quarter. The pig crop, at 32.3 million head, was up 5 percent from 2015 and up 6 percent from 2014. Sows farrowing during this period totaled 3.04 million head, up 4 percent from 2015 and up 2 percent from 2014.

Canadian inventory of all hogs and pigs on Jan. 1, was 13.7 million head. This was up 2 percent from Jan. 1, 2016 and up 4 percent from Jan. 1, 2015. The breeding inventory, at 1.25 million head, was up 1 percent from last year and up 2 percent from 2015. Market hog inventory, at 12.5 million head, was up 2 percent from last year and up 4 percent from 2015. The semi-annual pig crop, at 14.3 million head, was down 2 percent from 2016 but up 5 percent from 2015. Sows farrowing during this period totaled 1.27 million head, down 1 percent from last year but up 2 percent from 2015.

Read United States and Canadian Cattle and sheep Text  PDF

Read United States and Canadian Hogs Text  PDF