Editor’s note: The following was written by Heidi Carroll, South Dakota State University Extension livestock stewardship field specialist, for the Extension website June 18.
African swine fever and preparing for foreign animal disease (FAD) outbreaks is at the forefront of people’s minds.
Let’s take a closer look at the critical steps in developing a personalized Secure Pork Supply (SPS) Plan with your state animal health officials.
The goal of the SPS Plan is to provide a workable business continuity plan for pork premises with no evidence of the FAD infection located in a regulatory Control Area. Having the SPS Plan implemented prior to an FAD outbreak enhances coordination and communication between all stakeholders to allow safe animal or semen movement following a stop-movement action.
The first step is familiarizing yourself with the SPS Plan for Continuity of Business. Participation is voluntary. Learn more at http://www.securepork.org/.
Request and verify PINs
The second step is to request and verify a National Premises Identification Number (PremID or PIN). State animal health officials can work with you to get a PIN.
Having a PIN facilitates the process of requesting movement permits during an outbreak. Additionally, consider putting your PIN on samples submitted for surveillance or diagnosis that may speed up disease responses.
Validating a PIN means reviewing that a valid 911 address and matching coordinates (longitude and latitude) reflect the actual location of the animals at the premises.
The following steps allow you to complete the validation process:
- Open Google maps, Bing maps or another mapping app or website.
- Enter the site address; if it is a new site, obtain a 911 address from the county. Register a single premises per business account unless multiple premises are operated as distinctly separate entities at different locations.
- Select “Aerial/Satellite” image.
- If the site location is correct, continue. If not, find the site on the map.
- Put cursor on site at driveway; right click.
- Record latitude and longitude.
If you find discrepancies between the GPS location and address, call the state to notify of changes to be updated in the database.
During a FAD outbreak, state animal health officials must be able to easily conduct an epidemiological investigation. Review the SPS Plan for a list of the records, logbooks and standard operating procedures that make up your Enhanced Biosecurity Plan.
Reach out to your State Animal Health Officials to verify their required list of documents and records and the process of submitting a completed SPS Plan. Download or review record templates that are available to use a common format for communicating the necessary pieces of information during a FAD outbreak.
Creating a personalized premises map
Creating an individualized enhanced biosecurity plan and premises map is the next step. After doing the PIN validation steps as described above, you can create a copy of the aerial map.
- Identify your site on your internet map.
- Select “Aerial/Satellite” image.
- Zoom in to view entire site on the screen.
Open a Word document or the “Biosecurity Plan Template” available at the SPS Plan website. Select “Insert,” “Screenshot,” then “Screen clipping.” In the web browser with the map, select the area of the screen/map to copy with mouse.
Label the map with perimeter buffer areas, designated parking areas, carcass removal pathways, vehicle movements, site entry and cleaning and disinfection stations and include a legend within the Enhanced Biosecurity Plan document. These items can be labeled using Word shapes, arrows and line features or by drawing by hand on a printed copy of a map using markers or colored pencils.
Checklists exist to evaluate your current biosecurity practices and can be found at the SPS Plan “Pork Producers – Biosecurity” page. Templates of the required forms and enhanced biosecurity plan can be downloaded and revised to meet producer needs.
Employee training resources are available to compliment your implementation efforts. Train all individuals on the clinical signs and lesions associated with the FADs of swine. Everyone should understand the steps to take if a FAD is suspected. Work closely with a licensed veterinarian to develop and review your Enhanced Biosecurity Plan and determine a plan of engaging employees on its implementation.
Enroll plan in your state
Once an SPS Plan is created for a site, the last and most important step is enrolling with state animal health officials. Each state has their own enrollment process in place.
Remember open communication with State Animal Health Officials is critical to the continuity of business and getting animals moving during an outbreak. Start the conversation and write an SPS Plan today.