USDA's National Agricultural Statistics Service crop progress and conditions for the week ending Aug. 18, 2019: 

NEBRASKA 

Topsoil moisture supplies rated 2 percent very short, 11 short, 77 adequate, and 10 surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies rated 1 percent very short, 10 short, 79 adequate, and 10 surplus.

Field Crops Report

Corn condition rated 1 percent very poor, 6 poor, 19 fair, 59 good, and 15 excellent. Corn dough was 61 percent, well behind 86 last year, and behind 80 for the five-year average. Dented was 17 percent, behind 35 last year and 27 average. 

Soybean condition rated 1 percent very poor, 5 poor, 22 fair, 62 good, and 10 excellent. Soybeans blooming was 93 percent, behind 99 both last year and average. Setting pods was 78 percent, behind 90 last year and 87 average. 

Winter wheat harvested was 96 percent, near 100 both last year and average.

Sorghum condition rated 0 percent very poor, 1 poor, 18 fair, 70 good, and 11 excellent. Sorghum headed was 85 percent, behind 95 last year and 92 average. Coloring was 13 percent, well behind 40 last year, and behind 31 average. 

Oats harvested was 94 percent, behind 100 last year, and near 96 average.

Dry edible bean condition rated 5 percent very poor, 18 poor, 20 fair, 50 good, and 7 excellent. Dry edible beans blooming was 92 percent. Setting pods was 75 percent. 

Pasture and Range Report

Pasture and range conditions rated 1 percent very poor, 3 poor, 13 fair, 65 good, and 18 excellent.

IOWA

Topsoil moisture condition was rated 6 percent very short, 25 percent short, 67 percent adequate and 2 percent surplus. Rain this past week helped improve topsoil moisture conditions except for the southeast district which remained at 64 percent short to very short. Subsoil moisture condition was rated 4 percent very short, 23 percent short, 71 percent adequate and 2 percent surplus.

Field Crops Report

Nearly all the corn crop has begun to silk at 96 percent statewide. Fifty-nine percent of the crop reached the dough stage, 12 days behind last year and 9 days behind the five-year average. Seven percent of the crop reached the dented stage, two weeks behind last year and 10 days behind average. Corn condition rated 65 percent good to excellent.

Ninety-three percent of the soybean crop has started to bloom, two weeks behind last year and 10 days behind average. Seventy-one percent of the crop has started setting pods, 17 days behind last year and nearly two weeks behind average. Soybean condition declined slightly from the previous week to 61 percent good to excellent.

Oats harvested for grain has almost wrapped up at 97 percent complete statewide.

The second cutting of alfalfa hay was nearly complete at 96 percent. The third cutting of alfalfa hay reached 36 percent, 9 days behind average.

Hay condition rated 55 percent good to excellent.

Pasture and Range Report

Pasture condition declined for the seventh straight week and rated a season low 42 percent good to excellent. Comments mentioned pasture regrowth has been slow and supplemental hay feeding has been used due to drier than normal pasture conditions. Some livestock have struggled with continued temperature fluctuations.

KANSAS

Topsoil moisture supplies rated 6 percent very short, 18 short, 67 adequate, and 9 surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies rated 5 percent very short, 18 short, 71 adequate, and 6 surplus. 

Field Crops Report

Corn condition rated 4 percent very poor, 11 poor, 34 fair, 41 good, and 10 excellent. Corn silking was 97 percent, near 99 for both last year and the five-year average. Dough was 72 percent, behind 86 last year and 82 average. Dented was 37 percent, behind 56 last year, and near 41 average. Mature was 4 percent, behind 13 last year, and near 5 average. 

Soybean condition rated 4 percent very poor, 8 poor, 40 fair, 43 good, and 5 excellent. Soybeans blooming was 84 percent, behind 96 last year and 92 average. Setting pods was 60 percent, well behind 81 last year, and behind 70 average. 

Sorghum condition rated 2 percent very poor, 8 poor, 30 fair, 54 good, and 6 excellent. Sorghum headed was 66 percent, behind 83 last year and 78 average. Coloring was 11 percent, behind 25 last year and 18 average. 

Cotton condition rated 3 percent very poor, 13 poor, 41 fair, 38 good, and 5 excellent. Cotton squaring was 92 percent, behind 100 last year, but near 90 average. Setting bolls was 55 percent, behind 68 last year, but ahead of 50 average. Bolls opening was 1 percent, near 2 last year and 4 average.

Pasture and Range Report

Pasture and range conditions rated 2 percent very poor, 6 poor, 27 fair, 55 good, and 10 excellent.

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