Nebraska

For the week ending July 21, 2019, there were 5.9 days suitable for fieldwork, according to the USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service. Topsoil moisture supplies rated 1 percent very short, 12 short, 76 adequate, and 11 surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies rated 0 percent very short, 7 short, 81 adequate, and 12 surplus.

Field Crops Report

Corn condition rated 1 percent very poor, 4 poor, 18 fair, 62 good, and 15 excellent. Corn silking was 40 percent, well behind 80 last year and 70 for the five-year average. Dough was 2 percent, behind 19 last year and 10 average.

Soybean condition rated 1 percent very poor, 4 poor, 22 fair, 63 good, and 10 excellent. Soybeans blooming was 46 percent, well behind 76 last year and 71 average. Setting pods was 8 percent, well behind 37 last year, and behind 25 average.

Winter wheat condition rated 1 percent very poor, 3 poor, 14 fair, 65 good, and 17 excellent. Winter wheat harvested was 33 percent, well behind 79 last year and 76 average.

Sorghum condition rated 0 percent very poor, 0 poor, 20 fair, 67 good, and 13 excellent. Sorghum headed was 17 percent, behind 34 last year and 22 average.

Oats condition rated 2 percent very poor, 4 poor, 24 fair, 59 good, and 11 excellent. Oats harvested was 14 percent, well behind 71 last year and 54 average.

Dry edible bean condition rated 2 percent very poor, 4 poor, 33 fair, 57 good, and 4 excellent. Dry edible beans blooming was 12 percent.

Pasture and Range Report

Pasture and range conditions rated 1 percent very poor, 2 poor, 14 fair, 67 good, and 16 excellent.

Iowa

Iowa farmers had 5.0 days suitable for fieldwork during the week ending July 21, 2019, according to the USDA, National Agricultural Statistic Service. There were some reports of crops lying flat and green snap in corn due to high winds produced from various storms throughout the State. Fieldwork activities included spraying and harvesting hay and oats.

Topsoil moisture condition was rated 2 percent very short, 14 percent short, 78 percent adequate and 6 percent surplus. Districts in the southern third of Iowa and the east central district reported topsoil moisture conditions as over 25 percent short to very short. Subsoil moisture condition was rated 1 percent very short, 9 percent short, 81 percent adequate and 9 percent surplus.

Field Crops Report

Forty-one percent of the corn crop has begun to silk, 12 days behind last year and one week behind the five-year average. One percent of the crop reached the dough stage, five days behind last year and average. Corn condition rated 63 percent good to excellent.

Forty-seven percent of the soybean crop has started to bloom, 13 days behind last year and nine days behind average. Four percent of the crop has started setting pods, nearly two weeks behind average. Soybean condition rated 64 percent good to excellent.

Seventy-eight percent of oats started coloring, four days behind last year and five days behind average. Twelve percent of the oat crop has been harvested for grain, nine days behind last year and average. Oat condition declined slightly from the previous week to 61 percent good to excellent.

Pasture and Range Report

The second cutting of alfalfa hay reached 56 percent, 11 days behind last year and eight days behind average. Hay condition rated 61 percent good to excellent. Pasture condition declined for the third straight week with 61 percent good to excellent. High temperatures this past week caused some stress to livestock.

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