Weekly crop progress and condition report from USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service for the week ending April 7:
There were 2.0 days suitable for fieldwork. Topsoil moisture supplies rated 0 percent very short, 2 short, 63 adequate, and 35 surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies rated 0 percent very short, 4 short, 67 adequate, and 29 surplus.
Field Crops Report:
Winter wheat condition rated 1 percent very poor, 4 poor, 21 fair, 66 good, and 8 excellent.
Oats planted was 8 percent, behind 17 last year, and well behind 30 for the five-year average.
Cool temperatures and rain throughout Iowa kept fields from drying out enough for fieldwork during the week. Statewide there was just 0.8 day suitable for fieldwork. Fieldwork activities were limited with some farmers spreading manure and applying dry fertilizer on fields able to support the equipment.
Topsoil moisture levels rated 0 percent very short, 0 percent short, 44 percent adequate and 56 percent surplus. Subsoil moisture levels rated 0 percent very short, 0 percent short, 46 percent adequate and 54 percent surplus.
Two percent of oats have been planted statewide, nine days behind the 5-year average and nearly a week behind last year. This is the smallest percent planted by this time since 2008.
Cover crops and hay continue to green as warmer temperatures induced growth. Livestock and feedlot conditions have improved, but feedlots remain muddy.
There were 4.5 days suitable for fieldwork. Topsoil moisture supplies rated 0 percent very short, 1 short, 75 adequate, and 24 surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies rated 0 percent very short, 1 short, 78 adequate, and 21 surplus.
Field Crops Report:
Winter wheat condition rated 2 percent very poor, 6 poor, 34 fair, 47 good, and 11 excellent. Winter wheat jointed was 11 percent.
Corn planted was 2 percent, equal to last year, and near 6 for the five-year average.
Spring fieldwork advanced last week due to warmer and drier weather. In northeastern and east central counties, calving and lambing progressed well since temperatures were warmer last week. Drier conditions allowed fieldwork to proceed, but reporters noted some fields were still too wet for fieldwork.
Reporters mentioned winter wheat was actively growing; recent moisture improved the outlook for the crop. In the San Luis Valley, barley planting picked up speed last week despite minor precipitation events. In southeastern counties, a drier week allowed fieldwork to progress well. Producers began using irrigation water, but some ditches were not turned on yet. Statewide, winter wheat condition was rated 70 percent good to excellent, compared to 42 percent rated good to excellent last year.
As of April 5, snowpack in Colorado was 132 percent measured as percent of median snowfall. The Southwest and San Luis Valley were 154 and 146 percent, respectively.
Stored feed supplies were rated 2 percent very short, 18 percent short, 78 percent adequate, and 2 percent surplus. Sheep death loss was 4 percent heavy, 49 percent average, and 47 percent light. Cattle death loss was 7 percent heavy, 81 percent average, and 12 percent light.
Temperatures for the week were above average with slightly below average precipitation statewide, though fields remained too wet for much fieldwork. Temperatures last week averaged 51.7 degrees, 1.2 degrees above normal. Precipitation averaged 0.50 inches statewide, 0.20 inches below normal.
There were 2.2 days suitable for fieldwork. Topsoil moisture supply was rated 56 percent adequate and 44 percent surplus. Subsoil moisture supply was rated 72 percent adequate and 28 percent surplus.
Corn planted progressed to 2 percent this week, 1 percentage point ahead of last year. Rice planted progressed to 5 percent, 1 percentage point ahead of the 5-year average. Winter wheat condition was rated at 2 percent very poor, 9 percent poor, 49 percent fair, 32 percent good, and 8 percent excellent.
There were 0.1 days suitable for fieldwork. Topsoil moisture supplies rated 0 percent very short, 1 short, 51 adequate, and 48 surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies rated 0 percent very short, 2 short, 66 adequate, and 32 surplus.
Field Crops Report:
Winter wheat condition rated 0 percent very poor, 2 poor, 52 fair, 44 good, and 2 excellent.
Wyoming experienced light scattered storms and near normal temperatures for the week. Moisture levels have remained in the mostly adequate to surplus levels and better than last year.
A reporter from North Central Wyoming reports that they are dry with nothing planted so far and the livestock are in good shape. A reporter from Southwestern Wyoming indicated that there were two storms during the past week but the temperatures stayed a little better and livestock losses seem to be dropping off. They also indicated there were a few dry spots for livestock and a little green is showing up.
A reporter from South Central Wyoming stated that calving is going well despite some weather problems. They also indicated that feed supplies are holding up, they have enough moisture to get the pastures going, and the irrigation prospects look good. A reporter from Southeastern Wyoming noted that they experienced spring like conditions this past week and calving is well underway.
Hay and roughage supplies were rated 17 percent very short, 22 percent short, and 61 percent adequate. Irrigation water supplies across Wyoming were rated 10 percent fair, 83 percent good, and 7 percent excellent. Stock water supplies across Wyoming were rated 9 percent short, 68 percent adequate and 23 percent surplus.