Weekly crop progress and condition report from USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service for the week ending June 2:

NEBRASKA

There were 2.6 days suitable for fieldwork. Topsoil moisture supplies rated 0 percent very short, 0 short, 68 adequate, and 32 surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies rated 0 percent very short, 0 short, 77 adequate, and 23 surplus.

Field Crops Report:

Corn condition rated 1 percent very poor, 2 poor, 23 fair, 67 good and 7 excellent. Corn planted was 88 percent, behind 99 last year and 98 for the five-year average. Emerged was 67 percent, well behind 90 last year and 88 average.

Soybeans planted was 64 percent, well behind 94 last year and 87 average. Emerged was 39 percent, well behind 74 last year and 60 average.

Winter wheat condition rated 2 percent very poor, 6 poor, 25 fair, 48 good, and 19 excellent. Winter wheat headed was 45 percent, well behind 67 last year and 75 average.

Sorghum planted was 36 percent, well behind 77 last year and 70 average.

Oats condition rated 1 percent very poor, 3 poor, 35 fair, 56 good, and 5 excellent. Oats planted was 96 percent, near 100 both last year and average. Emerged was 88 percent, behind 96 last year and 98 average. Headed was 14 percent, well behind 36 last year, and behind 33 average.

Pasture and Range Report:

Pasture and range conditions rated 1 percent very poor, 1 poor, 15 fair, 70 good, and 13 excellent.

KANSAS

There were 2.4 days suitable for fieldwork. Topsoil moisture supplies rated 0 percent very short, 1 short, 61 adequate, and 38 surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies rated 0 percent very short, 1 short, 63 adequate, and 36 surplus.

Field Crops Report:

Winter wheat condition rated 3 percent very poor, 10 poor, 30 fair, 47 good, and 10 excellent. Winter wheat headed was 95 percent, equal to last year, and near 97 for the five-year average. Coloring was 16 percent, well behind 43 last year and 48 average.

Corn condition rated 3 percent very poor, 14 poor, 40 fair, 39 good, and 4 excellent. Corn planted was 79 percent, behind 96 last year and 93 average. Emerged was 60 percent, well behind 89 last year and 81 average.

Soybeans planted was 26 percent, well behind 77 last year and 53 average. Emerged was 16 percent, well behind 58 last year and 36 average.

Sorghum planted was 8 percent, well behind 34 last year, and behind 26 average.

Cotton condition rated 8 percent very poor, 8 poor, 53 fair, 29 good, and 2 excellent. Cotton planted was 48 percent, well behind 75 last year, and near 49 average.

Sunflowers planted was 17 percent, behind 33 last year, and near 19 average.

Pasture and Range Report:

Pasture and range conditions rated 1 percent very poor, 3 poor, 25 fair, 55 good, and 16 excellent.

IOWA

Iowa farmers continue to battle wet field conditions as another week of heavy rainfall limited farmers to only 1.3 days suitable for fieldwork statewide. The lower third of Iowa had 0.5 day suitable for fieldwork or less for the second week in a row.

Topsoil moisture levels rated 0 percent very short, 0 percent short, 50 percent adequate and 50 percent surplus. Subsoil moisture levels rated 0 percent very short, 0 percent short, 49 percent adequate and 51 percent surplus.

Eighty percent of the expected corn crop has been planted, nearly 3 weeks behind the 5-year average. This is the smallest amount of corn planted by June 2 since 1982 when 76 percent of the expected crop had been planted. There were comments that some of these expected corn acres may go to soybeans or prevented planting. Fifty-eight percent of the crop has emerged, 12 days behind last year and 13 days behind average.

Forty-one percent of the expected soybean crop has been planted, 18 days behind last year and average. This is the smallest percent of soybeans planted by June 2 since 1993 when just 39 percent of the expected crop had been planted. Seventeen percent of the crop has emerged, 2 weeks behind last year and 13 days behind average.

Ninety-three percent of the expected oat crop has emerged, 8 days behind last year and 10 days behind average. Six percent of the crop has headed, 8 days behind average.

Only 4 percent of the state’s first cutting of alfalfa hay has been completed, over two weeks behind average. Hay condition rated 60 percent good to excellent.

Pasture condition decreased slightly to 62 percent good to excellent. Feedlots remain muddy.

COLORADO

Isolated precipitation and severe weather in areas kept producers out of the field early last week. In northwestern counties, a reporter noted pocket gopher damage to some alfalfa fields adversely affected growth. Rangeland grass was in need of warmer weather to promote growth.

Northeastern county reporters noted crops in the path of isolated hail storms received marked damage. Wind damage to young seedlings was also reported. Received precipitation, heavy in areas, was beneficial to non-irrigated crops and rangeland, as well as topsoil conditions in fields yet to be planted.

A reporter noted corn and sugarbeet growth was slow due to cool and wet weather.

In east central counties, reporters noted needed moisture was received, although conditions in drier areas were still concerning. Isolated severe weather and damaging hail was reported. A reporter noted light stripe rust was observed in winter wheat.

In the San Luis Valley, fall potato planting neared completion. Emergence picked up, although a reporter noted some growth was still slowed by cooler weather. Rangeland growth was also slow with some livestock producers waiting to turn stock out until grass growth improved. In southeastern counties, some light precipitation was received early in the week. Freeze damage to wheat from prior cold weather was noted as more severe and widespread than first thought. A reporter noted hay was being cut but little was baled thus far. Topsoil moisture was noted as short in areas with many producers irrigating newly planted crops up.

Statewide, stored feed supplies were rated 5 percent very short, 12 percent short, 81 percent adequate, and 2 percent surplus. Sheep death loss was 1 percent heavy, 82 percent average, and 17 percent light. Cattle death loss was 1 percent heavy, 84 percent average, and 15 percent light.

MISSOURI

Temperatures last week averaged 71.5 degrees, 3.6 degree above normal. Precipitation averaged 1.27 inches statewide, 0.37 inches above normal. There was 2.2 day suitable for fieldwork for the week ending June 2, 2019. Topsoil moisture supply was rated 45 percent adequate and 55 percent surplus. Subsoil moisture supply was rated 50 percent adequate and 50 percent surplus.

Corn planted progressed to 69 percent this week, 31 percentage points behind last year, while corn emerged progressed to 59 percent. Corn condition was rated at 12 percent very poor, 24 percent poor, 38 percent fair, 25 percent good, and 1 percent excellent.

Soybeans planted progressed to 18 percent, 66 percentage points behind last year, while soybeans emerged progressed to 12 percent. Cotton planted progressed to 78 percent.

Cotton condition was rated at 7 percent very poor, 7 percent poor, 54 percent fair, and 32 percent good.

Rice planted progressed to 83 percent, 13 percentage points behind the 5-year average, while rice emerged progressed to 73 percent. Rice condition was rated at 3 percent very poor, 5 percent poor, 52 percent fair, 34 percent good, and 6 percent excellent.

Winter wheat headed progressed to 93 percent, 6 percentage points behind last year. Winter wheat condition was rated at 3 percent very poor, 11 percent poor, 44 percent fair, 40 percent good, and 2 percent excellent.

SOUTH DAKOTA

There were 3.4 days suitable for fieldwork. Topsoil moisture supplies rated 0 percent very short, 0 short, 48 adequate, and 52 surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies rated 0 percent very short, 0 short, 53 adequate, and 47 surplus.

Field Crops Report:

Corn planted was 44 percent, well behind 96 both last year and the five-year average. Emerged was 13 percent, well behind 76 last year and 80 average.

Soybeans planted was 14 percent, well behind 83 last year and 82 average. Emerged was 2 percent, well behind 50 last year and 51 average.

Winter wheat condition rated 1 percent very poor, 5 poor, 37 fair, 53 good, and 4 excellent. Winter wheat headed was 6 percent, well behind 27 last year and 43 average.

Spring wheat condition rated 0 percent very poor, 1 poor, 46 fair, 46 good, and 7 excellent. Spring wheat planted was 86 percent, behind 99 both last year and average. Emerged was 73 percent, well behind 95 last year and 94 average.

Oats condition rated 1 percent very poor, 3 poor, 36 fair, 55 good, and 5 excellent. Oats planted was 81 percent, behind 99 both last year and average. Emerged was 65 percent, well behind 95 both last year and average.

Sorghum planted was 8 percent, well behind 67 last year and 53 average.

Pasture and Range Report:

Pasture and range conditions rated 1 percent very poor, 3 poor, 24 fair, 53 good, and 19 excellent.

WYOMING

Wyoming experienced cold and wet weather for much of the week that delayed crop progress and diminished days suitable for fieldwork. Topsoil and subsoil moisture levels were in the mostly adequate to surplus range with totals of both adequate and surplus categories better than last year and the five-year average. A reporter from north central Wyoming indicated that they got rain which has helped in the dryer areas but the cold wet conditions have led to heavy sheep and lamb losses.

A western Wyoming reporter stated that they had a mostly dry week allowing them to get into the fields and do some planting. A reporter from southwestern Wyoming reported that they had rain most of the week but the temperatures were a bit warmer. A reporter from southern central Wyoming indicated that hay fields and pastures were greening up but are not growing due to the cooler weather. In southeastern Wyoming reporters stated hail and rain have brought field work to a halt. They also reported that some winter wheat has been lost due to hail. The U.S. drought monitor released on May 30, showed most of Wyoming with good moisture except for pockets of the north central and southwestern areas of the state which were abnormally dry. Irrigation water supplies across Wyoming were rated 78 percent good and 22 percent excellent.

Stock water supplies across Wyoming were rated 1 percent short, 80 percent adequate, and 19 percent surplus.