Kansas’s winter wheat crop yielded right with averages, according to preliminary data for the 2019 crop year. A sampling of 13,780 carlots from 48 counties showed an average test weight of 61 pounds per bushel, according to the U.S. Department of Agriculture’s National Agricultural Statistics Service and Kansas Grain Inspection Service.
That just more than last year's crop, which averaged 60.6 pounds. The 10-year average was 60.8 pounds per bushel.
Protein content averaged 11.5%, down 0.8 of a percentage point from 2018, and below the 10-year average of 12.2%. Northeast Kansas had the highest protein content at 12.2%, followed by the north central part of the state at 12.1%. Statewide, moisture content averaged 11.6%, above 11.4 last year and the 10-year average of 11.2.
More wheat reached the top grade this year. A total 77% reached grading No. 1, up from 71% last year. A total 21% graded No. 2, compared to 27 in 2018, and 2% graded No. 3 or below. Wheat samples averaged 0.5% damaged kernels, up 0.2 of a percentage point from 2018 and the 10-year average of 0.3%. Samples tested had 0.1% foreign material on average, unchanged from last year, and equal to the 10-year average. Shrunken and broken kernels averaged 1.1%, down 0.2 of a percentage point from 2018, and 0.1 percentage point below the 10-year average. Total defects averaged 1.6%, unchanged from 2018 and equal to the 10-year average. The average dockage for all samples was a half a percent, the same as last year.
There were 1,174 samples voluntarily submitted for inspection this year. The test weight for these samples averaged 60.7 pounds per bushel, protein averaged 11.4% and moisture content averaged 11.9%. A total 64% of the submitted samples graded No.1, 25% No. 2 and 11% No. 3 or below.
Test weight, protein content, grade and defect samples are representative of wheat samples moving in commercial rail cars and truck lots as tested by the Kansas Grain Inspection Service.