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Bale grazing eases rancher workload, builds soil health
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Bale grazing eases rancher workload, builds soil health

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Bale grazing

Turning the bales of summer into winter pasture grazing helps South Dakota ranchers save time, money, and reduce personal stress while improving rangeland soil health and hay production for future years.

“We started bale grazing in 2014, just leaving bales in the hayfield and strung hot wire for a week’s worth of feed at a time, and it’s worked out really good for us,” said Drew Anderson, rancher near Lemmon, South Dakota.

He likes keeping animals and nutrients in the hayfield instead of hauling the nutrients and carbon off the field, as well as cutting hauling costs.

The fuel savings from bale grazing became apparent to Anderson in the winter of 2016, following a Christmas blizzard.

“We ran out of bales to graze, and I was burning 35 gallons of diesel a day to haul bales and feed the cows. When bale grazing, I’m burning a dollar’s worth of fuel in the snowmobile to make sure they have water,” he said. “The time and money savings are well worth it.”

Jessalyn Bachler, South Dakota State University Extension Range Field Specialist in Lemmon, echoes the time savings value for ranchers who also work full-time away from the ranch.

“To save several hours daily of feeding in the dark is huge during short winter days. By setting bales and fencing pastures in the fall, you can simply move a cross-fence once a week,” Bachler said. “It takes a lot less time to run out and check cattle and waters once a day compared to hauling feed daily.”

One benefit that all bale-grazing ranchers agree on is the soil fertility benefits from manure, urine, and decaying bale residue.

“We don’t view hay residue as wasted. It is fertilizer,” said Harold Gaugler, rancher from Grant County, North Dakota.

“When we started bale grazing, our hayfield had degraded soil conditions. So, we put the bales on hilltops with open soil with no organic matter on the ground,” he said. “Our purpose was to bring that field back into production, and we have succeeded.”

The most significant piece of advice from these ranchers who bale graze is to start on a small scale.

“While we now rotate cows among bales in 200 acres of hay fields during February and March, my best advice is to start small,” Anderson said.

He suggested leaving two weeks’ worth of hay bales in a hayfield or hauling out two weeks’ worth of hay into a hayfield and just try it.

“Once we started, we haven’t missed a winter without bale grazing,” he said.

These three ranchers take an in-depth look at their journey in videos put together for the Natural Resources Conservation Service at www.nrcs.usda.gov. Listen to a podcast as SDSU’s Jessalyn Bachler describes her research and experience with bale grazing.

Call or visit your local NRCS office to learn more about valuable bale grazing and soil health practices on both rangeland and cropland.

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