Early corn rows

Rows of corn emerge in a field south of Alcester, S.D., May 23, 2018.

For the second week in a row, South Dakota farmers had just 1.6 days suitable for work in the field, and planting progress lags.

The state's spring wheat crop was 19 percent planted, according to the USDA's National Agricultural Statistics Service report out May 6. That's compared to 45 percent complete at this point last year and 76 percent for the five-year average. Just 1 percent of the crop had emerged at a time the average year has nearly half of the crop out of the ground.

Winter wheat was looking good with 4 percent of the crop rated "excellent" and 53 percent good.

Oat planting was 16 percent complete, well behind 41 last year and 76 average. Emerged was 4 percent, near 7 last year, and well behind 46 average.

Topsoil moisture supplies were at a surplus through 37 percent of the state, and 63 percent rated adequate for moisture. Subsoil moisture rated 27 percent surplus, 72 percent adequate and 1 percent short.

Pasture and range conditions rated 13 percent excellent, 48 good, 34 poor and 1 percent very poor.