Bruce Snyder harvests soybeans

Bruce Snyder harvests soybeans Oct. 9 near Sidney in Fremont County.

The U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) is providing assistance to farmers affected by increased trade tariffs, but what does it all mean?

The aid programs are designed to assist agricultural producers to help recover some of the costs of disrupted markets, said Jack Davis, SDSU Extension Crops Business Management Specialist.

Below he outlines the basics, as provided by the USDA Aug. 27:

* USDA's Farm Service Agency (FSA) will administer the Market Facilitation Program, which is designed to provide payments to corn, cotton, dairy, hog, sorghum, soybean and wheat producers.

Applications will be available Sept. 4, but producers cannot apply until harvest is complete.

An announcement about further payments will be made in the coming months, if warranted.

* USDA's Agricultural Marketing Service will administer a Food Purchase and Distribution Program to buy up to $1.2 billion in commodities targeted by tariffs.

USDA's Food and Nutrition Service will distribute these commodities through nutrition assistance programs such as The Emergency Food Assistance Program and child nutrition programs.

* Through the Foreign Agricultural Service's Agricultural Trade Promotion Program, $200 million will be made available to develop foreign markets for U.S. agricultural products.

The program will help U.S. agricultural exporters identify and access new markets and help mitigate the adverse effects of other countries' restrictions.

Apply after harvest 2018

Interested producers can apply for programs that apply to their operation after harvest is 100 percent complete. Agriculture producers need to be able to report their total 2018 production.

To apply for the Market Facilitation Program, visit www.farmers.gov/mfp beginning Sept. 4.

Producers will be able to submit their MFP applications in person, by email, fax or by mail.

The Market Facilitation Program is established under the statutory authority of the Commodity Credit Corporation (CCC) and administered by FSA.

For each commodity covered, the payment rate will be dependent upon the severity of the trade disruption and the period of adjustment to new trade patterns, based on each producer's actual production.

For more information, visit www.usda.gov or contact Davis with questions, jack.davis@sdstate.edu.